SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGN
Centre for Modern Architecture Studies in Southeast Asia
ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO 3 [ARC 2116]
Prerequisite: Architectural Design Studio
PRECEDENT STUDIES: Analysing spatial poetics, spatial typologies and programming in architecture (Group work)
15% of final mark
Architectural Design Studio 3 is designed as a series of studio-based exercises leading to the design project for the Eight International Student Design Competition 2010 with the theme ‘A memorial to a Memorable Event: Making Manifest the Memory’ organised by The Commonwealth Associations of Architects (CAA).
[Caption for illustration on original brief document: The sheer scale of loss in the 2004 tsunami is beyond comprehension, and certainly, beyond any type of direct architectural representation. Our proposal for the memorial therefore does not attempt to index the event literally, but rather through abstraction. It is a landform rather than an object, an experience rather than a focal point. It is a space which relates to the mystery and power and dynamics of nature as much as to the human impact of the event.
Tsunami Memorial Centre @ Khao Lak ]
As part of this, the objective of Project 1 is to identify and analyze functional needs and spatial poetics through precedent studies. The main aim is to analyse and compare 2 selected architectural precedents, (1) commemoration of memories in relation to architecture & landscape; (2) commemoration of memories through built forms and spaces.
Each group of students is to analyse and compare the spatial poetics, spatial typology and programming of the selected precedents. The analysis and comparison of the design approaches for the open landscape and the built spaces will inform the preceding design projects for the remaining semester. Thus, the selection of precedents is should be critical and inspirational.
1. Explain different spatial types in architecture, and how they inform spatial use and experience
2. Identify and analyze functional and poetic needs through case studies to inform the design project
In groups of 3-4 students, select 2 precedents for analysis: (1) a memorial architecture that relates to the open landscape and (2) the other which relates to architecture and built spaces. The precedent study should provide the following analysis:
How are the spaces organised or arranged?
How did it inform the way spaces are used, moved through and experienced?
See Francis D.K. Ching’s Form, Space & Order & Purves’ Formal Patterns
PROGRAMMING: What are the breakdown of areas and their functions? How are the spaces related?
What are the design strategies employed to commemorate the memories/event?
How are the spaces articulated in terms of the poetics, sensuality and tactility of architectural spaces?
· Spatial types (how did the spatial typology used influenced the way spaces were experienced?)
· Flow of experience (identify key circulation/journey, and select at least 5 experiential spaces to study). For each space, study the following: Engagement with senses; Manipulation of light and its effects on space (natural & artificial); Texture and materiality; Scale and proportion of spaces (in relation to human)
· Co-relate the plan to one of the most interesting section of your selected building. Study the section and analyse how it is designed. Comment on the relationship between inside/outside, volumes and scale of space, variation and hierarchy of spaces
See Steven Holl’s Questions of Perception: The Phenomenology of Space & Juhani Pallasmaa’s The Eyes of the Skin
Subsequent to your analysis of each precedent, compare the manner in which memories are commemorated in the open landscape and the built spaces
Use diagrams, photos and minimal annotations to illustrate your analysis. The analysis should be presented in a power-point presentation of approximately 20 minutes per group. Submit a soft copy in CD on the day of presentation.
Clarity of analysis
Extent & Depth of analysis
Evidence of research in the formulation of analysis
Use of computer programs to prepare for visual presentation
Professionalism & quality of presentation
Ability to work as a team
D.K. Ching, F. 1993. Architecture: Form Space and Order (2nd ed.). Van Nostrand Reinhold
· Gregory, Rob. 2008. Key Contemporary Buildings. Laurence King Publishing Ltd, London.
· Holl, Steven. 1994. Questions of Perception: Phenomenology of Architecture, eds Steven Holl, Juhani Pallasmaa, Alberto Perez-Gomez, A+U
Pallasmaa, Juhani. 2005. The Eyes of the Skin: Architecture and the Senses. John-Wiley and Sons Ltd: Great Britain
Purves, Alexander. 1982. The Persistence of Formal Patterns, in Perspecta, Vol. 19, pp. 138-163
Timeline and Schedule
4 Aug Subject Introduction and Project No. 1
Introduction to Project No. 1 & Selection of cases for study
6 Aug Precedent study
11 Aug Precedent study
13 Aug Precedent study
18 Aug Precedent study
20 Aug Precedent study Submission Project 1 15%